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Malaria is an ancient disease that can be fatal. In the 1800's, malaria was a problem throughout the USA east of the Mississippi River and throughout the Mediterranean seacoast and islands and in many other parts of the tropical and temperate areas of the world.

Malaria is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium, which is transmitted via the bites of infected mosquitoes. In the human body, the parasites multiply in the liver (in cerebral malaria, the liver is not involved, only the brain), and then infect red blood cells. Symptoms of malaria include a rapidly spiking fever, headache, and vomiting, and usually appear between 10 and 15 days after the mosquito bite. If not treated, malaria can quickly become life-threatening by disrupting the blood supply to vital organs.

The best way to protect oneself from malaria is by avoiding the bite of parasite-carrying mosquitoes. Malaria prevention includes the use of bed nets and prompt treatment with medicine such artemisinin-based combination therapies.
Source: World Health Organization

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